The increasing level of mineral exports from Australia has resulted in the need for expansions to existing facilities and new export facilities. Rail-mounted materials handling machines such as shiploaders, stackers and reclaimers are significant investment items for the ports and mines involved in the supply chain for export of these commodities. Australia is one of the few countries to have its own standard for such equipment: AS4324.1.

AS4324.1-1995 Standard for Design of Bulk Materials Handling Machines